Phys2301 - Atmospheric Physics

Fall 2011 Course Calendar, MWF 9:15-10:20 am, Moodle course site

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Date

Topic

Observation

Mini Lecture

Homework

 

W 8-24

Climate System General Overview

Components of the climate system

Syllabus

slides convection and turbulence

 

 

 

Topics and information

 

Sign-up is open

 

F 8-26

Climate System General Overview

Structure and composition

Climate Zones

Cloud Classification

Climate Map, Clouds (slides)

Cloud type Practice

Eric's cloud pictures

 

Sign-up is open

Problems 3 and 4 from handout 1

answers

M 8-29

Climate System General Overview

Weather systems in moderate latitudes slides

Global wind systems slides

 

Sign-up is open

 

W 8-31

Climate System General Overview

Global wind systems slides

Hydrological cycle slides

 

Sign-up is open

 

F 9-2

Climate System General Overview

Quiz 1 answer

Hydrological Mass balances

 

Record observations for a continuous period of 14 days

 

weather journal blank

Sign-up is open

Handout 1, problems 9, 10, 11 (climate charts)

Interpret maps and charts (pdf)

Weather maps and charts (MS Word)

 

answer charts

answer H-L

 

M 9-5

Labor Day

 

 

W 9-7

Hydrostatic Stability

Density, pressure

Hydrostatic equation

Experiment pressure gradient

 

Schedule for Mini lectures

 

 

F 9-9

Hydrostatic Stability

Vertical pressure gradient

Barometric equation

Sea level pressure

Scale height

 

Homework Questions

answers to 1 (utterly subjective)

problem 2 answer

M 9-12

Hydrostatic Stability

Scale height

Level thickness

 

 

 

W 9-14

Hydrostatic Stability

More level thickness

Oceans

 

Latest day to start complete September observations today

F 9-16

The Oceans

Salinity, density, state diagram for sea water

 

Quiz 2 answers

 

From handout 2:

Problems 2.6, 2.9, 2.10, 2.13, 2.14, 2.15, 2.19

(I removed example 20 we will do that in class)

answers, 2-19

 

M 9-19

The Oceans

Pycnocline, thermocline, halocline

Circulation slides

 

 

First Law and Atmosphere

 

 

W 9-21

First Law and Atmosphere

Virtual temperature

First law of thermodynamics

 

 

F 9-23

First Law and Atmosphere

Processes, work, heat

Specific heat

enthalpy

 

Handout 3: problem 1 (ocean measurements)

 

Text book, problems 1 and 2 chapter 5, page 86 (the average depth of the ocean is given as 3.8 km, different from assumptions made in class; not sure why but go with it)

 

Handout 4: problem 1 (molar mass of dry air, mass composition)

answers, 3-1 answer

 

M 9-26

First Law and Atmosphere

Enthalpy, more examples,

geopotential

 

 

W 9-28

First Law and Atmosphere

Geopotential, Chinook

Adiabatic processes, DALR

 

 

 

 

F 9-30

First Law and Atmosphere

Potential temperature

 

 

Quiz 3: pycnocline, ideal gas, virtual temperature, work

answers

 

 

Handout 4:

Problems 7 (virtual T, e), 8 (virtual temperature), 9 (balloon radius), 10 (hurricane), 11 (hiker), 12 (thickness change)

answers

M 10-3

First Law and Atmosphere

Example, using p-a chart

 

 

 

Weather Journal for September

W 10-5

First Law and Atmosphere

Skew-T-ln p chart

NWS Daily Sounding data

 

 

 

F 10-7

Balloon example

 

 

 

 

 

Handout 4:

14 (work), 18 (potential energy), 30 (ideal gas), 31 (balloon again)

answers

 

Moved 33 to next week

M 10-10

Thermodynamics of humid air

Phase transitions

Psychrometric chart

 

 

W 10-12

Thermodynamics of humid air

Clausius Clapeyron

Characterizing humidity

 

 

F 10-14

Thermodynamics of humid air

Quiz 4 (1st law of TD, adiabatic processes, DALR) answers

 

Handout 4.20, 4.33 (parcel), 4.34 (skewT)

answers

M 10-17

Fall break

 

 

W 10-19

Thermodynamics of humid air

SALR, LCL

ex 5.12 computations

 

 

F 10-21

Thermodynamics of humid air

T-Tw experiment

Analytical LCL

example 5.13 computations

 

Handout 5: problems 3, 5, 6, 10, 11

Comparison of Sat curves

answers

M 10-24

Equivalent potential temperature

 

 

 

W 10-26

Second Law and Atmosphere

 

 

 

F 10-28

Second Law and Atmosphere

Entropy, reversibility

Quiz 5 quiz solution

 

From experiment Fri10-21: Assess the influence of measuring uncertainty for weather forecasting, in particular for cloud formation/ precipitation.

From handout 5:

19, 20, 23, 25, 26

answers

M 10-31

Second Law and Atmosphere

Second law, applications

Static stability

 

 

W 11-2

Second Law and Atmosphere

 

Watch the jet stream

Record observations for a continuous period of 14 days

 

 

F 11-4

Static stability

example of a gravity wave

 

 

Radiative Transfer

Using the thermal imager on crisp and sunny morning:

science building

trees at the science building

grasses by the science building

 

 

Since I messed this up so nicely, there is no homework assignment due today

Saturday11-5

8:30 lawn by science building: balloon launch

 

Attend if interested

Track online:

1. Go to aprs.fi

2. Call sign KD0MVU

 

Enjoy.

M 11-7

Radiative Transfer

General overview

slides

 

W 11-9

Radiative Transfer

Radiance, irradiance, solar constant

 

Terrestrial Observations of the atmosphere (JS)

 

F 11-11

Radiative Transfer

Quiz 6 answers

Handout 6:

4, 5, 8, 9 answers

Textbook, page 39, problem 1 and 3

M 11-14

Trip to the AWOS at the Morris Airport

image

 

Meet at 9:15 am at the west entrance (parking lot) of the science building.

Wear WARM clothes! Some walking over a field required.

extra credit

Latest day to start complete November observations

W 11-16

Radiative Transfer

Insolation

 

Satellite server:

http://www.goes.noaa.gov/index.html

 

Remote sensing (WM)

 

F 11-18

Radiative Transfer

Pleistocene, variations in solar constant

Smog (SG)

Handout 7 (Radiation), problems 8, 9, 10, 11

 

Saturday11-19

8:00 lawn by science building: balloon launch

 

Attend if interested

Track online:

1. Go to aprs.fi

2. Call sign KD0MVU

 

Enjoy.

M 11-21

 

Radiative Transfer

Blackbody radiation

Ozone Layer (MR)

 

W 11-23

Radiative Transfer

Greenhouse effect, layered atmosphere

Growth and shapes of ice crystals (KB)

 

F 11-25

Thanksgiving

 

 

M 11-28

Cloud Microphysics

Halos and rainbows (AH)

Growth and shapes of ice crystals (KB)

 

W 11-30

Cloud Microphysics

Atmospheric electric phenomena (GZ)

 

F 12-2

Cloud Microphysics

Quiz 7 answers

 

Thunderstorms (CR)

homework assignment

 

Weather Journal for November;

 

extra credit due

M 12-5

Droplets

Tropical cyclones (TY)

 

W 12-7

movies

Tornadoes (EL)

 

F 12-9

Introduction to dynamics

Weather modification (MK)

Handout 8:

problems 7 not 8

T 12-13, 4-6 pm

Final Exam

 

 

 

Back to course page

 

Page last modified: 12/7/2011 3:49 PM

Maintained by Sylke Boyd, sboyd@morris.umn.edu

University of Minnesota-Morris, Division of Science and Mathematics

 

The views and opinions expressed in this page are strictly those of the page author. The contents of this page have not been reviewed or approved by the University of Minnesota.