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Learning Pre-Lab, F-08  (5 points)                     

NAME ____KEY______________________

The purpose of this pre-lab is to introduce you to two core areas of the psychology of learning: Classical and Operant Conditioning. Becoming familiar with the terms and how they’re used will be essential for understanding the lab/discussion and material in this section of the course.  (Your answers will be collected in lab).

Part 1: Classical conditioning (2 points)

For this part of the pre-lab, read pages 195-202 in the text.  Answer the question below:

A high school girl's parents have discovered that she has been smoking. Of course, the parents are concerned about their daughter's health and decide to make sure she never smokes again. The family sits down at the kitchen table, and the parents take out a pack of cigarettes. They tell the girl that they will let her smoke, if she can smoke the entire pack one after the other, with no breaks in between. A little more than halfway through the pack, the girl runs to the bathroom and vomits, saying she has never felt so sick in all her life, and in fact she never smokes again. How did the parents condition their daughter to form an aversion to smoking? Describe the process in Pavlov's terms, identifying the UCS, UCR, CS, and CR: .5 point each

UCS: _OVERDOSE OF NICOTINE or CIGARETTE SMOKE or similar would be good.  "Cigarettes" would be o.k., but vague.

 

UCR: __VOMITING______________________

 

CS: ___SIGHT, SMELL, THOUGHT OF CIGARETTES_________

 

CR: __(ASSUME) FEEL SICK; AVERSION TO CIGARETTES___________

 

Part 2: Operant conditioning (3 points)

For this part of the pre-lab, you can either read pages 202-210 in the text.  Answer the questions below:

Below is a list of examples of behaviors and consequences that affect how much a person does them.  Please indicate for each example if it is positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, aversive punishment, or response cost.

A) Using a condom to reduce the fear of AIDS: .5 point

 

 __NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT__

 

B) Shortening a convict's sentence for good behavior: .5 point

 

___NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT___

 

C) Printing your name in the paper for speeding: .5 point

 

__AVERSIVE PUNISHMENT___

 

D) Losing driving privileges for missing curfew: .5 point

 

___RESPONSE COST____

 

E) What would you have to know in order to say whether any of these were actually examples of "positive reinforcement," "negative reinforcement," or "aversive punishment, or "response cost"? 1 point:

 

__THAT THE LIKELIHOOD OF THE BEHAVIOR ACTUALLY CHANGED_____ 

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